Use SigmaXL to Implement an Attribute MSA Data File: “Attribute MSA” tab in “Sample Data.xlsx” (an example in the AIAG MSA Reference Manual, 3rd Edition). Step 1: Reorganize the original data into four new columns (i.e., Appraiser, Assessed Result, Part, and Reference). Select the entire range of the original data (“Part”, “Reference”, “Appraiser A”, “Appraiser…

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Use JMP to Implement an Attribute MSA Data File: “AttributeMSA.jmp” Steps in JMP to run an attribute MSA: Click Analyze -> Quality & Process ->Variability/Attribute Gauge Chart Select “Appraiser A”, “Appraiser B” and “Appraiser C” as “Y, Response” Select “Part” as “X,Grouping” Select “Reference” as “Standard” Select “Attribute” as the “Chart Type” Click “OK” Click on…

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Why we use a Run Chart A run chart is a chart used to present data in time order. These charts capture process performance over time. The X axis indicates time and the Y axis shows the observed values. A run chart is similar to a scatter plot in that it shows the relationship between X and…

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What is Process Capability? Process capability measures how well the process performs to meet given specified outcome. It indicates the conformance of a process to meet given requirements or specifications. Capability analysis helps to better understand the performance of the process with respect to meeting customer’s specifications and identify the process improvement opportunities. Process Capability…

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Use Minitab to Implement an Attribute MSA Data File: “Attribute MSA” tab in “Sample Data.xlsx” (an example in the AIAG MSA Reference Manual, 3rd Edition). Steps in Minitab to run an attribute MSA: Step 1: Reorganize the original data into four new columns (i.e., Appraiser, Assessed Result, Part, and Reference). Click Data → Stack →…

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What is Variable Gage R&R? Whenever something is measured repeatedly or by different people or processes, the results of the measurements will vary. Variation comes from two primary sources: Differences between the parts being measured The measurement system We can use a variable Gage R&R to conduct a measurement system analysis to determine what portion…

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What is a Box Plot? A box plot is a graphical method to summarize a data set by visualizing the minimum value, 25th percentile, median, 75th percentile, the maximum value, and potential outliers. A percentile is the value below which a certain percentage of data fall. For example, if 75% of the observations have values…

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What is a Histogram? A histogram is a graphical tool to present the distribution of the data. The X axis represents the possible values of the variable and the Y axis represents the frequency of the value occurring. This graphical summary consists of adjacent rectangles erected over intervals with heights equal to the frequency density of…

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What is a Scatter Plot? A scatter plot is a diagram to present the relationship between two variables of a data set. A scatter plot consists of a set of data points. On the scatter plot, a single observation is presented by a data point with its horizontal position equal to the value of one…

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Multi-Vari Analysis Multi Vari Analysis is a graphic-driven method to analyze the effects of categorical inputs on a continuous output. It studies how the variation in the output changes across different inputs and helps us quantitatively determine the major source of variability in the output. Multi Vari charts are used to visualize the source of…

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